Orientations – are "philosophies and organizational cultures established by senior management.
Product Orientations are based on the feeling consumers will purchase products based on high quality.
Sales Orientation - focuses on the selling and promotion of existing products and concentrates on selling existing products with promotions and direct sales approaches.
Production Orientations – is used during a high demand for a product or service and while consumer’s tastes and preferences remain constant. During this period company’s produce products or services to achieve economies of scale.
Marketing Orientations – relies on research to monitor and develop products and services based on customer needs and wants. Marketing orientation has three primary facets:
Customer orientation: is a pure economics. What are customers is willing and wants the demand.
Organizational orientation: begins in the marketing department and sets the tone and direction for the company’s other departments.
Mutually beneficial exchange: Is recognized when company’s increase sales revenue and net profits while satisfying their customer’s needs and wants.